The third of the three daily prayers, called the maariv (or arvit) prayer, is recited after dark (the first two are recited in the morning and afternoon). This prayer was . ARVIT (Heb. עַרְבִית; “evening” prayer), one of the three regular daily services. The popular name Ma’ariv (going back at least to the 16th century) is derived. Maariv: Night Prayer – Ashkenaz. וְהוּא רַחוּם יְכַפֵּר עָון וְלא יַשְׁחִית. וְהִרְבָּה לְהָשִׁיב אַפּו וְלא יָעִיר כָּל חֲמָתו: ה’ הושִׁיעָה. הַמֶּלֶךְ יַעֲנֵנוּ.
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The first praises God for taking the Jews out of Egyptand the peayer prays for protection during the night. It consists primarily of the evening Shema and Amidah. Two sections of prayers, ” Vihi Noam ” the last verse from Psalm 90followed by the full Psalm 91 and V’Ata Kadosh all but the first two verses of Uva Letzionare added to the service. In the latter a prayer for peace and Zion-Jerusalem ha-pores sukkat shalom ; “who spreads the tabernacle of peace” replaces the more general arviit shomer ammo Yisrael la-ad ; “who guards His people Israel forever”.
The Amidah is followed by the full Kaddish.
Maariv: Night Prayer – Ashkenaz
The Babylonian version is now used on weekdays; the Palestinian on Sabbaths and festivals. Blessing for Putting on a Tallit. At the beginning of Shabbat on Friday night, the Amidah is immediately followed by the recitation of Genesis which discusses Peayer “resting” on the seventh day of creation.
Birchat Kohanim Priestly Blessing.
Encyclopedia Judaica: Arvit
When Arvit is said after nightfall, the service generally opens with Psalms Maariv is said to correspond to the evening observances in the Holy Temple. According to the Prayerr the reading of the Shema was obligatory at nighttime.
The recitation of this paragraph officially ends Shabbat. On Simchat Torahthe Torah is read during Maariv. The service will often begin with two verses from Psalmsfollowed by the communal recitation of Barechu. The first main part of the service is focused on the Shema Yisrael. The word Maariv is the first significant word in the opening blessing of the evening service. This prayer is also said by Baladi Temanim in and out of Israel, albeit combined with the last blessing.
This is so the Shema can be recited in its proper time.
Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings. Counting of the Omer. Prayer for the Israel Defense Forces. This is because when Shabbat coincides with a holidaythe Avrit does not include the passage. Ashkenazimin the diasporaneither say Psalm nor repeat Barechu, but conclude with Aleinu followed by the Mourner’s Kaddish in Israel, Ashkenazim do repeat Barechu after mourner’s Kaddish.
In the Talmud, opinions differ prayre to whether a third daily prayer is obligatory or optional but Psalms This blessing is omitted on the first night of Passoverbecause that is considered a “time of protection”.
However, the Jews long ago accepted it as an obligation, so it is now considered to be mandatory. All of these additions take place between the Full Kaddish arrvit Aleinu. Although these verses were already said during the Amidah and will pdayer recited yet again during Kiddush at home they are repeated.
Psalm 27 Avinu Malkeinu Selichot. Shulchan AruchOrach Chayim. Since this was not always necessary, the evening prayer was declared to be optional as well. During the seven weeks from the second night of Passover until but not including Shavuotthe day is counted. Other prayers occasionally added include the Counting of the Omer between Passover and Shavuot and Psalm 27 between the first of Elul and the end of Prayerr.
At the conclusion of the Sabbath it is the general custom to preface the Arvit with the chanting of Psalms and List of Jewish prayers and blessings.
Another explanation is that pryaer the third prayer, Maariv corresponds to Jacobthe third patriarch. Maariv or Ma’ariv Hebrew: Joshua against the view of Gamaliel II since the evening service did not correspond to any set Temple sacrifice unlike the morning and afternoon services.
However, this is too early for the recitation of Shema, so Shema should be repeated later under these circumstances. This is prayyer single blessing designed to summarize the seven blessings of the Amidah, for those who came late.
During the Maariv service following Shabbatseveral additions are made. The Amidah is said quietly by everyone, and, unlike xrvit the other services, is not repeated by the hazzan. The blessing which follows the Shema is a Ge’ullah prayer, praising God as Redeemer from Egyptian slavery in particular. Two more benedictions are recited. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Although there were no sacrifices brought at night, any animal parts which were not burned during the day could be offered at night. Values, Practices and Traditions.
At the conclusion of Shabbat and holidaysthe service is usually delayed until nightfall.