The Spanish coup d’état attempt known in Spain by the numeronym F and also known As planned, the coup would require Tejero and General Jaime Milans del Bosch as its principal instigators, .. and Keystones of the Assault on Congress (El Golpe: Anatomía y Claves Del Asalto Al Congreso) by Busquets. – Buy F: El Golpe Del Cesid book online at best prices in India on Read F: El Golpe Del Cesid book reviews & author details and. Un civil y 32 militares fueron procesados por el intento de golpe de Estado Paradójicamente, el entonces comandante del Cesid José Luis.
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El Golpe Que Nunca Existio. The shots wounded some of the visitors in the chamber’s upper gallery. The monarch, after protracted discussions with colleagues, was convinced of his military leaders’ loyalty to himself and the Constitution. Date Cesiid Location Madrid and Valencia. From 2 February to 4 February, the King and Queen traveled to Guernicacrsid the deputies of Basque separatist party Herri Batasuna received them with boos and hisses and various incidents.
The Crown, symbol of the permanence and unity of the nation, will not tolerate, in any degree whatsoever, the actions or behavior of anyone attempting through use of force to interrupt the democratic process of the Dsl, which the Spanish People approved by vote in referendum. These theories cast doubt on the sincerity of the King’s defense of democracy and qualify the coup as an example of coercive realpolitik taken to the next level.
Should any measure of a military nature need to be taken, it must be approved by the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
In the face of these exceptional circumstances, I ask for your serenity and trust, and I hereby inform you that I have given the Captains General of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force the following order:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Against this extraordinary backdrop, Calvo Sotelo presented his proposed government on 18 February, but, during congressional voting on the 20th, he failed to obtain the necessary majority approval for confirmation as Prime Minister, so a new vote was scheduled for the 23rd: Shortly afterward, five of the parliament’s deputies were separated from the rest: All of the Spanish military and police corps except for the rebels.
El Asesinato de Carrero”. Constructing democracy in Southern Europe: Originally, Armada, one of the coup’s conspirators, had advocated a “milder” course of action, which he then proceeded to implement. Almost at the same time, the Captain General of the Third Military Region, Jaime Milans del Boschjoined the coup with a revolt in Valenciaordering tanks to be brought out onto the streets and declaring a general state of emergency in an attempt to convince other senior military figures to align with him in supporting the coup.
The bloodless yet apparently chaotic unravelling of the coup, the plethora of unanswered questions as to its unfolding, the staunch monarchist allegiance of two main conspirators Armada and Milans del Bosch and the King’s lengthy absence before he finally made a late-night public television address have fueled skepticism and conspiracy theories during the Campamento trial and have remained active ever since. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat The government then dismissed various police chiefs, while in the Interior Ministry there were resignations in solidarity with the torturers. Eventually, thirty people out of some accused would be convicted for their involvement in the coup.
Archived copy as title Articles containing Spanish-language text Articles needing additional references from Ecsid All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Interlanguage link template link number Use dmy dates from July The prosecutor’s questioning allegedly lost a great deal of intensity when court resumed after the lunch break, and Cortina was finally acquitted.
I address the Spanish people with brevity and concision: The first signs of unease in the army appeared in April Plenary Hall of the Congress of Deputies lower house of the Spanish legislaturein Madridwhere a group of Civil Guards, led by Antonio Tejeroburst in violently.
Police snipers took their places on rooftops, military marches were played on loudspeakers and a curfew was imposed on the citizens.
El Golpe del Cesid (Spanish, Hardcover)
Archived from the original PDF on 4 March Golpd extent of any civilian involvement in planning the coup has never been thoroughly investigated [ citation needed ]. Retrieved 5 October Webarchive template wayback links Articles with Spanish-language external links CS1 maint: Moreover, members of the private radio station SER continued their live broadcast with open microphones from within the Congress of Deputies, which meant that the general public was able to follow along by radio as events unfolded.
In essence, this version of events alleges that the coup itself was orchestrated by the Spanish Secret Services in connivance with the King and the Royal House as well as representatives of the major political parties and mainstream media, among others.
Retrieved 24 February An armored convoy was dispatched to the Manises airbase in order to convince the commander there to support the coup; however, the Colonel of the 11th Wing in charge of the base not only refused to comply, he threatened to deploy two fighter jets armed with air-to-ground missiles deel he claimed to have standing by with their engines running against the tanks sent by Milans del Bosch, thereby forcing the latter to withdraw.
The coup was vehemently condemned by member countries of the EECespecially since Spain was in preliminary negotiations for membership eventually joining in Though shots were fired, the hostage-takers surrendered the next morning without killing anyone. Part of the Spanish transition to democracy.
Los que quedan del golpe | Edición impresa | EL PAÍS
After several minutes, all the Go,pe retook their assigned congressional seats. The deputies were freed that morning. Local nationalists have asserted that the LOAPA law limiting the devolution to the autonomous communities was passed to placate the military. On 10 February, Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo was named candidate for prime minister.
While seditious sentiments grew in sectors of the military and extreme right, the government faced gole serious crisis at the beginning of the decade, and its position became increasingly untenable in the course of